To counter the effects of over grazing
Pastures would benefit from the following:
The management of grazing resources based on traditional control systems and rights which would allow seed production ,this has been successful in several arab countries
The rotation of pastures through rotation of water pumping stations
Controlled grazing around water points and better distribution of these points
The improvement of pastures by re seeding
Breeding more productive animals that are adapted to local circumastances
Supplementing grazing by haymaking ,fodder crops trees or waster from irrigated areas
Water points reguire the better management and planning of location and water guantity in relation to carrying capacity and maintenance involving the local people with legal support .
Hand pumps ,animal power or wind energy can all help to reduce reliance on fuel but problems of maintenance and spares often remain
Water resources must be assessed in order to avoid over exploitation.